Chemical peels…What do peels contain?

 

What Do Peels Contain?

Peel solutions most typically contain either alpha hydroxy acids (an AHA such as glycolic acid), beta hydroxy acid (salicylic acid, also known as BHA), tricholoracetic acid (TCA), or phenol as the exfoliating agent. Each of these are categorized by the concentration and the resulting depth of the peel on the skin which can range from superficial (also known as micro or light peels) to medium or deep peels. Results are closely linked to the depth of peel performed. Superficial peels (typically those using low concentrations of AHA or BHA) offer far less dramatic improvement than medium or deep peels (usually TCA or phenol-based) do. Overall, you can expect minor to major improvement in fine lines and wrinkles, skin discolorations, skin texture, rebuilding of collagen, removal of blackheads, and a temporary reduction in excessive oil production (Sources: Cutis, February 2003, pages 18-24; eMedicine Journal, February 14, 2002, volume 3, number 2; Facial and Plastic Surgery, November 2001, pages 253-262; and Dermatologic Clinics, July 2001, pages 413-425).

What Can a Peel Do…and Not Do?

With any peel it is important to know what’s possible so you can keep your expectations realistic and spare yourself disappointment. Chemical peels in any form cannot remove or reduce the appearance of blood vessels on the skin, they cannot change the appearance of enlarged pores, they do not have an effect on keloidal (raised) scarring, they do not work as a face-lift, and they have limited benefit for improving skin discoloration for those with darker skin color. They can make skin smoother, help fade brown spots and an uneven skin tone from sun damage, and generally make skin’s surface look fresher and younger. Having peels done on a regular basis (say, every 6-8 weeks) will lead to collagen stimulation that improves the appearance of wrinkles.

There are definite drawbacks to consider with peels, but this is largely dependent on the type and depth of peel. Superficial peels have few associated risks but also offer less noticeable results. Some redness, swelling, and increased skin sensitivity can occur with superficial peels. You may also experience a period of intense flaking as the old, damaged skin is replaced by fresh, smooth new skin.

When significant results are desired, complications increase proportionately. Medium and deep peel complications can include scarring, infection, temporary or permanent changes in skin color (this is especially true for deeper peels), and cold sore breakouts for those with a history of cold sores. (Sources: Dermatologic Clinics, July 2001, pages 427-438.) For these reasons, many cosmetic dermatologists are forgoing deeper peels in favor of what can be accomplished more safely with light-emitting and laser devices.

Chemical peels are performed by the application of the specific solution that actually dissolves the skin’s top layers, either over the entire face or on specific areas. Often, several shallow to medium-depth peels can achieve similar results to one deep-peel treatment, with less post-procedure risk and a shorter recovery time. Talk to your dermatologist about this option and see if it may be the best approach to take.

AHA Peels

Alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) peels use glycolic acid as the peeling ingredient and these are considered superficial to medium peels depending on the concentration utilized. Typically the concentrations range from 30% to 70%. AHA peels are effective in improving skin texture, causing some collagen and elastin rebuilding, minimally reducing the appearance of acne scarring, and reducing the appearance of skin discolorations. Repeated treatments are necessary for all concentrations to maintain results. (Sources: Dermatologic Surgery, June 2002, pages 475-479; Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, January 2001, pages 222-228; American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, March-April 2000, pages 81–88 and September-October 2000, pages 261-268; and International Journal of Dermatology, October 2000, pages 789-794).

Important Note: AHA peels are not medical procedures and as a result are not regulated by the FDA. A physician usually performs higher-concentration peels (more than 30%), but this is not always the case. Lower-concentration peels (20% to 30%), often performed by aestheticians, require repeated treatments to achieve and maintain the results seen immediately after the peel is performed.

After any peel, the practitioner should apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen (preferably one whose only active ingredients are titanium dioxide or zinc oxide) to your skin. Skin will be sun-sensitive for a few weeks after the peel, and it makes sense to use sun protection to protect the investment you just made. Don’t bother with peels if you insist on getting a tan, either from the sun or from a tanning bed. A reputable, ethical dermatologist would never offer a peel to someone who is visibly tan or cannot commit to daily sun protection.

BHA Peels

Beta hydroxy acid (BHA) or salicylic acid peels are not as popular as AHA peels, yet they can be equally effective and have specific advantages for some skin types. A salicylic acid solution can work in a way that is similar to a glycolic acid peel, but irritation may be reduced. Salicylic acid is a compound closely related to aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), and it retains its aspirin-like anti-inflammatory properties. A deep BHA peel can be superior for many skin types because the irritation and inflammation are kept to a minimum due to the analgesic action of the BHA compound. Salicylic acid is also lipid soluble; therefore, it is a good peeling agent for blemish-prone skin with blackheads. The most common concentrations used today are 20% to 30% (Sources: Dermatologic Surgery, December 2003, page 1196 and March 1998, pages 325–328; and Cosmetic Dermatology, October 2000, pages 51-57).

BHA peels are also the preferred option for those with sensitive skin, including skin affected by rosacea. Note that some people with rosacea cannot tolerate salicylic acid. If you have rosacea, consider experimenting with a skin-care product that contains salicylic acid before considering a BHA peel.

TCA Peels

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels (sometimes called Blue Peel) in concentrations up to 50% are superficial to medium peels and have been around for years with a history of being effective and safe (Source: Dermatologic Clinics, July 2001, pages 413–425). This type of peel can be used for peeling the face, neck, hands, and other areas of the body. It has less bleaching effect than phenol (see below) and is excellent for “spot” peeling of specific areas. TCA peels are best for fine lines but are minimally effective on deeper wrinkling (Sources: Dermatologic Surgery, February 2004, pages 179-188; eMedicine Journal, December 5, 2001, volume 2, number 12; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, January 2001, pages 222-228).

Jessner’s peel is a medium-depth peel containing 14% salicylic acid, 14% lactic acid, and 14% resorcinol. Though considered effective and easy to use, there is little research on this method. We do know this peel becomes stronger as more layers are applied. The amount of resorcinol in this peel makes it more irritating than AHA or BHA peels, and it is generally not recommended for those with dark skin tones due to the risk of resorcinol causing post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (Source: Cosmetic Dermatology, Second Edition, Baumann, Leslie, MD, 2009, pages 154).

Phenol Peels

Phenol is sometimes, though rarely, used for full-face peeling when sun damage or wrinkling is severe. It can also be used to treat limited areas of the face, such as deep wrinkles around the mouth, but it may permanently bleach the skin, leaving a line of demarcation between the treated and untreated areas that must be covered with makeup. “Although phenol produces the most remarkable resolution of actinic damage and wrinkling among the various [chemical peels]… it also possesses some of the more significant [serious side effects]. Many have abandoned phenol in favor of other agents or laser resurfacing… . Hypopigmentation may occur in all skin types, noticeably lightening patients with darker skin and making lighter-skinned patients appear waxy or pale. A clear line of demarcation may be present between treated and untreated skin” (Source: eMedicine Journal, July 20, 2001, volume 2, number 7).

Buffered phenol offers yet another option for severely sun-damaged skin. One such formula uses olive oil, among other ingredients, to diminish the strength of the phenol solution. Another, slightly milder formula uses glycerin. A buffered phenol peel may be more comfortable for patients, and the skin heals faster than with a standard phenol peel, but it is still a risky procedure that can depigment the skin(Source: http://surgery.org/press/news-release.php?iid=109&section=news-consumer). On balance, we recommend forgoing phenol peels in favor of laser treatments such as Fraxel.

What About At-Home Peels?

Many women ask us about the number of peels sold online for use at home. These peels often advertise having high concentrations of AHAs or BHA and some contain other peeling agents along with these popular standbys. We cannot stress enough how potentially dangerous these peels can be. If they’re as effective as claimed or if they really contain the amount of acid(s) advertised and the pH is within range for them to work, you could be setting your skin up for some serious damage. In the wrong hands or used incorrectly or too often, at-home peels can cause burns, extremely sensitive skin, discolorations (from loss of pigment), and persistently dry, flaky skin that doesn’t respond to even very rich moisturizers. If you decide to ignore our warnings and try this anyway, proceed with caution.

The other issue with at-home peels is that despite the impressive claims in terms of amount of acid they contain, the pH may be buffered beyond the range needed for efficacy. So yes, the peel you’re considering contains 50% glycolic acid, but because the pH when mixed is above 4, you’re not going to see much in the way of results. The good news? A higher pH like this means the peel poses less risk of causing excess irritation.

The Final Decision

Whether to have a peel and what type to get depends on the condition of your skin, your skin type, and keeping your expectations realistic. Most important is for you to know that a peel isn’t an anti-aging cure-all. For example, peels cannot help with sagging skin and they don’t replace the results possible from cosmetic corrective procedures such as Botox or any of the numerous dermal fillers. Peels are helpful for improving skin tone, texture, and for some cases of hyperpigmentation (brown spots) but for best results, they must be accompanied by daily use of a well-formulated sunscreen rated SPF 25 or greater along with a brilliant anti-aging skin-care routine. Now that’s a beautiful combination proven to help you look younger, longer!

Back to the Basics:Do you wash your face properly????

Washing your face is a simple task, right? Believe it or not, many people overlook cleansing and don’t do it properly. However, proper cleansing is essential to the health of your skin and is the first step of any good skin care regimen. This is true for both men and women. Everyone benefits from proper cleansing.

Let’s go over the basics of proper cleansing. The first rule is that plain soap is a big no-no! It is important to find the right cleanser for your skin type. Do you know your skin type? You can easily find out by wiping your face with a clean facial tissue or paper as soon as you wake up. Your skin type is defined by the results below:

  • Normal No oil is present on the paper and you typically have an overall healthy complexion.
  • Dry No oil is present on the paper, but you tend to have flaky skin.
  • Oily You will see spots of oil present on the paper from any part of your face.
  • Combination You will see spots of oil present from your forehead, nose and chin areas, but your cheeks will have no traces of oil.
  • Sensitive You tend to have reddish, dry and tight skin.

Another important factor is using a pH balanced cleanser. These cleansers were created to avoid disrupting the pH balance of your skin. Some cleansers are highly alkaline which lessens the necessary acidic environment of the skin. When this happens, the skin is no longer protected from bacteria and breakouts can occur. A pH cleanser will have a neutral pH of 7 and won’t disrupt this acidic environment. Read the labels of your skin care products to ensure you are using a pH balanced cleanser. Most of the time we do not read our labels! Also, try to use one that does not contain sulfates, which are harsh and harmful to your face….images

Now that you have found the right pH balanced cleanser for your skin type, you need to start off with clean hands. You certainly don’t want to transfer dirt and oils directly to your face. Next, check your water temperature. It should be warm, not hot. Splash water on your face then apply cleanser to your fingertips or a clean facial sponge/washcloth. Using an upward, circular motion, massage the cleanser into the skin. Many people do not cleanse long enough, so be sure to cleanse for at least 30 seconds. Rinse with warm water. Then be sure to blot your skin dry with a towel. Blotting will be much more gentle on your skin than rubbing with a towel. You’re not done yet! Don’t forget to moisturize and apply sunscreen if you are heading outside during the day.

Washing your face really is a simple task. Just make sure to keep these basic tips in mind and your skin will thank you for it!

Remember, LOVE THE SKIN YOU’RE IN!!!!!!!

CeeCee

Skin care flare ups-Rosacea

rosacea

Rosacea is an inflamation-related skin disorder that manifests on the cheeks and nose area and affects many people. This skin disorder is generally regarded as a chronic one and may appear and disappear with time. However, it’s also very possible that your rosacea may grow progressively worse with each and every flare up.

Exposure to the sun is regarded as being higher among the list of causes for rosacea episodes and ultizing sun block can drastically reduce the unwanted effects of the sun’s rays. One of the most commonly used over-the-counter rosacea treatment methods are sunscreen lotion, generally with a formula of 15 SPF or more. Rosacea sufferers are encouraged to carefully select a sunblock lotion or cream that is designed for individuals with very sensitive skin. All those products and solutions that contain substances including octyl salicylate may cause skin discomfort.
Among the first measures you’ll have the ability to do along with a rosacea treatment is seek to change your daily diet. Whatever you decide to consume and that which you may drink will truly impact whether your rosacea will flare up. Hot and spicy foods have generally been associated with rosacea episodes. If you believe that hot and spicy foods make your skin trouble even worse, then avoid them for a while to test whether it is a real trigger. However, if you think they generally do not really have an effect on your skin, then just continue with your diet changes. Either way, you really should at the very least try staying away from them for two to three weeks to see if you actually see any decreasing of your symptoms.
One other rosacea treatment is the oral administration of a number of prescription antibiotics, retinoid compositions, anti-inflammatories and anti-microbials, or immunosuppressants, which can be available in pill form. These are available through consulting with your dermatologist.
An effective rosacea treatment is targeted toward handling the problem while also accomplishing precisely what it takes to avoid flare ups. Even though there is no cure for rosacea since the cause is unknown, treatments are on the market to manage or slow its signs and symptoms. Vascular laser treatments have turned out to considerably decrease and sometimes remove the redness of rosacea which is so challenging. An additional method which is very beneficial in rosacea treatment is what is called a photofacial which makes use of Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) technologies. IPL treatment options and Vbeam laser light treatments are generally utilized jointly within more aggressive rosacea treatment programs for their additive effects.
Whatever your approach, it’s important to discuss your challenging skin care situation with a dermatologist in order to determine your best options. Remember, you are the one in control and you are the one who must decide on what path to take to make your redness go away.

Two Main Causes of Acne

Modern dermatology names two main causes of acne occurring on the face: hormonal and dietary.

1.Hormonal conditions cause the failure of androgen assimilation inside the skin which leads to hyperactive work of oil-bags, excessive secretion of oil and as a result skin becomes into oily and porous. This means that the normal amount of balanced hormonal influences in the skin is not properly produced so the oil glands tend to overcompensate for its imbalance.

2.Dietary causes of acne are the result of improper eating habits and by having a tendency to eat too many of one food  group :meat and milk products. A healthy diet balanced with fruits and vegetables as well as required amounts of vitamins will help subdue the underlying causes of acne. Another way to balance your internal temperature for great skin is to drink plenty of water. It is said to have at least half of your body weight size in water ounces per day.

Among other causes of acne is malnutrition and neglect of care for your skin. It isn’t less important to watch over the cleanliness and nutrition of your skin and provide it with necessary vitamins and minerals. Always seek ways to add into your diet minerals such as: for women-magnesium is good for menstrual imbalances or stress and for men: omega oils and fish oils tend to help strengthen your heart and stamina/energy. This is absolutely most important as your skin, on the outside, will reflect what you put inside.

Just keep focused in your venture to nurture your skin! You will not be sorry you took notice!

Love the Skin you’re In!

CeeCee

The effects of stress on your skin!

Many times and more so than often, a lot of our skin care issues stem from having an elevated level of stress in our lives. We have to pay attention to the signs:

1.) Are we having a deadline to meet pretty soon?

2.) Students, is a final exam approaching soon!

3.) Future brides, are your plans turning out to be more challenging than you originally expected?

4.) Teens, is it a new semester and you’re nervous about the new courses or making new friends?

If this is happening and you, all of a sudden, experience a huge breakout on the most obvious spot on your face, then it may be STRESS!!!!

Some things to keep in mind is:

1.) What is happening to your skin?

2.) What can be done to prevent it from worsening?

3.) What can be done to prevent it in the future?

“The mind and skin are connected on many different levels,” Karen Mallin, PsyD, an instructor in the departments of psychiatry & behavioral sciences and dermatology & cutaneous surgery of the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami.

Mallin tells WebMD. “A lot of nerve endings are connected to the skin, which wraps around the organs, so as emotions are played out neurologically, they can be expressed through the skin just as stress can be expressed through gastrointestinal symptoms, increased anxiety, or hypertension.Take acne, for example. When you are tense, your body releases stress hormones including cortisol, which may increase the skin’s oil production, making you prone to pimples.”

The best solution, in my experience, to prevent skin issues from worsening during stress-related breakouts is to do very little to the affected area. Try your best to soothe yourself internally by taking in a calming tea such as chamomile or ginger. Then, REST,REST and REST! Try to make sure you are getting, at least,eight hours of sleep, which most of us do NOT do on the norm. Next, try to use a soothing,calming, natural remedy such as mixing one part of oatmeal (maybe one scoop of a powdered drink solution) to two tablespoons of powdered milk. Then, mix in about half of a scoop of water. This will make a thick paste which can spread onto the face. Leave on about 10 minutes and rinse with cool water (not cold). This will soothe,comfort and stimulate it just enough to relax the sebum gland (oil gland) and possibly release some excess impurities below the surface. Afterwards, use a mild, non-alcohol toner followed by an oil free moisturizer without pulling or tugging at that specific area. This should help to accelerate the drying up of the build up of oil and soothe it at the same time.

Now, once you get over this hurdle, you can pay attention to the triggers, in the future, as to what stress-related incidents occurred that led to your breakout. Once you see your life events occur, take the time to concentrate on relaxation techniques such as breathing, yoga, meditation, exercise (but nothing strenuous like cycling; maybe light weight lifting with dumbbells) or even singing, writing or dancing. These activities will help take your mind off the challenge you are experiencing because they, definitely, can contribute to a facial breakout.

Next, you  also want to keep in mind that you should already have in place a regular skin care regimen which contribute your overall skin care health. Take the time to seek skin care solutions that do the basics:

Cleanse- using a mild cleanser made for your skin type. Mostly, cleansing creams and lotions are made for drier skin types while cleansing foams and exfoliating cleanser are used for oilier skin types.

Tone- further cleansing by picking up excess oil and impurities underneath the surface. This is usually done by using a mild toner with cotton pads to gently sweep across the face after cleansing.

Exfoliate- gently buffs off the top layer of dead skin that can accumulate over time

Moisturize- add a level of moisture not oil. There is a difference! Without moisture, your skin over works to make up for what is lost, in the form of excess oil on the surface of your skin!

Protect- using a sunscreen,usually a SPF of 30 or above is recommended

If you are not sure of your skin type or skin products, please make an appointment to have a skin care consultation with a licensed esthetician (specialist).

Remember, love the skin you’re in!

CeeCee

TheSkinCareLady

YONIverse~Awakening your spiritual and sexual essence for women

Ladies. Taking care of your complete self is healthy! Not only your face but your sexual energy contributes to wholeness and wellness! Thanks, Anna for sharing!

mysticlei

          The last couple of weeks have been ridiculously enlightening and transforming. My recent relationship has taught me a great deal and brought an abundance of love into my life, yet it stripped me of my independence and the breakup left me feeling broken and scared to stand on my own two feet once more. I seemed to have developed a notion of dependence on an external source, a person, to make me happy and stable. The idea of being on my own terrified me, it was no longer familiar territory, it was distant, lonely, and seemed utterly unappealing. Time passed and I began reclaiming my inner strength; embracing the goddess in me that has been silence for nearly all my life. At this point, I can easily say that I have never been as empowered and determined to blossom into my actualized self as I…

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